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Today in Kimberley's History

TODAY IN KIMBERLEY’S HISTORY 19 JULY

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UPDATED: 19/07/2018

19 July 1897, An Indian trader named Kaledin, murdered in the Malay Camp. An unsolved murder.
19 July 1960, Dr Arthur Letele released from custody and deported from South Africa.

DID YOU KNOW

An Indian hawker named Kaledin was found dead in his bed in the Malay Camp on the morning of Monday 19 July 1897.

His landlord, Mahl, also an Indian and from whom Kaledin rented a room, said that he had last seen Kaledin on the night before when he retired. Early on the Monday morning a David Alupan came to him and said he had been knocking at Kaledin’s door but without getting any answer, so they both went to the room where the hawker stayed. Mahl opened the door by pushing back the fastening “button” with his knife, and he saw Kaledin lying half in and half out of the bed, quite dead, but there was no evidence of a struggle having taken place. Baskets of eggs and oranges were untouched.

Mahl also stated that the deceased had been unable to pay his rent for some time and had taken to drinking heavily and to “smoking dagga”. The doctor was called and when the body was removed a piece of rope was found under the body. Dr Otto stated that the deceased had died through strangulation from all the marks around the neck. Another witness at the inquest said that she had heard Kaledin groaning for many hours during the night.

The regional magistrate, Mr Bayne, agreed in his summing up at the inquest that Kaledin had died of strangulation but there was no evidence to how this had been affected. He hoped that the police would not relax their efforts to probe the affair to the bottom. There are no further details on the case, so it must be assumed that the unfortunate Kaledin was indeed murdered by a person unknown, and that somewhere in Kimberley someone lived with the death of the Indian hawker on his conscience until he too met his ultimate fate.

19 July 1897, An Indian trader named Kaledin, murdered in the Malay Camp. An unsolved murder.
19 July 1960, Dr Arthur Letele released from custody and deported from South Africa.

PT-The_Order_of_the_Luthuli_in_Silver-1960

Order of the Luthuli in Silver

DID YOU KNOW

The Order of the Luthuli in Silver (pictured) was awarded to Arthur Elias Letele (pictured): “For his excellent dedication and excellent work in pursuing the liberation of the people of South Africa and Lesotho above everything, including his own safety.”

Arthur Elias Letele gave his life to the struggle against apartheid and paid the ultimate price for democracy and the freedom currently enjoyed by citizens. Letele was born on 2 October 1916 in Maseru, Lesotho but grew up in Ladybrand in the Free State.

He completed his secondary education at the Lovedale Institution in Alice in the Eastern Cape. He continued his studies at the South African Native College (which later became Fort Hare University), and the University of the Witwatersrand, in Johannesburg. He qualified as a medical doctor in 1946 and started his career the following year at Lovedale.

Letele’s involvement in politics started in 1944, when he joined the ANC Youth League. In 1948, he decided to move to Kimberley, where he immediately joined the local branch of the ANC and was elected as treasurer of the branch.

Letele persuaded a number of volunteers to defy discriminatory laws during the Defiance Campaign. In October 1952, violence erupted in Kimberley and Letele was arrested for inciting violence. He was found guilty and sentenced to a few months, suspended for two years. He was also prevented from leaving Kimberley until August 1953 as part of his bail conditions.

At the end of 1953, Letele was elected to the ANC Executive Committee at the organisation’s annual conference. In 1955, Letele took part in the Congress of the People campaign by collecting the demands of the residents of Kimberley for the Freedom Charter. He also attended the congress in Kliptown near Johannesburg in June 1955, where he proposed the second clause of the charter, stating that all men should be equal before the law. In 1955, Letele was elected as the Treasurer-General of the ANC. In 1956, he was one of the accused along with other liberation movement leaders during the first Treason Trial. The charges against him were withdrawn and he was released. Following the Sharpeville massacre of 1960, Letele publicly burnt his pass in Orlando near Johannesburg.

When he returned to Kimberley, he was arrested and detained in various locations including Kimberley and Bloemfontein, but was released on 19 July 1960. The most prominent condition of his release was that he had to leave South Africa within 30 days. He went into exile in Lesotho in 1961 where his family subsequently joined him. He was allowed to visit Kimberley on occasion and retained his position within the ANC.

Although his political involvement was largely focused on South Africa, Letele did become involved in Lesotho’s politics. In 1961 he, and other ANC leaders, attempted to take over the leadership of the Basutoland Congress Party to support the ANC in its resistance to the developments in South Africa. Letele represented the ANC overseas while he had a British passport. (All above from various sources).

From Kimberley Calls and Recalls on Facebook By Steve Lunderstedt

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