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Cecil Compton Paterson in his 1911 Biplane

TODAY IN KIMBERLEY’S HISTORY 03 APRIL

UPDATED: 03/04/2019

3 April 1901, Kimberley Musical Association formed at the City Hall.
3 April 1902, Memorial service for Cecil Rhodes at the Public Gardens.
3 April 1912, Cecil Compton-Paterson races in his aeroplane against a motorcycle.

DID YOU KNOW

The citizens of Kimberley in the early days of flight went in their thousands to watch the various exhibitions put on for their benefit by Cecil Compton Paterson, Bok Driver and John Weston.

PT-Cecil_Compton_Paterson-1912-2

Cecil Compton Paterson

Paterson had already made a name for himself by constantly circling the Honoured Dead Memorial. During the Easter holidays of 1912 he made his name in Kimberley by staging “…the most brilliant aviation display ever seen on the diamond fields.” He challenged Arthur Wright to race him on a motor cycle from Alexandersfontein to the Kimberley horse race course (today the semi-industrial area opposite the Diamond Pavilion).

The Diamond Fields Advertiser reported that Compton Paterson won the race easily.

Compton-Paterson wrote: “Both machines were made to make a standing start. The motor cycle, however, was given 200 yards start so that its rider would not be inconvenienced by the aeroplane’s movements beforew it took to the air. The plane, however, proved much the faster and covered the course of six miles in something like 6 minutes 45 seconds, beating the motor cycle by over half a mile.”

Paterson then went on to give a display of bombing an “enemy” camp with melons and afterwards flew back to Alexandersfontein in the dark. The crowd were suitably impressed.

It was shortly after this display that Paterson accomplished the first-ever cross country flight in South Africa, flying from Kimberley to Klerksdorp in four hours and forty two minutes.

A little bit more about the early aviators.

Evelyn Frederick (Bok) Driver, Captain Guy Livingstone, and Cecil Compton Paterson, in 1911 formed the African Aviation Syndicate ‘to promote the science and practice of aviation in South Africa’.

It had a Paterson biplane and a Bleriot monoplane, and in 1912 acquired another Paterson and Bleriot.

Paterson stayed in the air for 35 minutes, reaching a height of 600 metres above sea level on 25 December 1911, a South African record, only to crash the next day. On 27 December 1911 Driver flew the first airmail to Muizenberg from Cape Town, about 13 kilometres (8 miles) away.

The African Aviation Syndicate moved to Kimberley and established a permanent headquarters at Alexandersfontein. Plans were made for the establishment of a flying school, with the tacit approval of Brigadier-General Christiaan Beyers, who was Commandant-General of the Union’s newly formed Defence Force. Disagreement between the principals forced the Syndicate into liquidation in September 1912.

A group of Kimberley enthusiasts bought the assets at a public auction in 1912, and Paterson started the Paterson Aviation Syndicate.

A disastrous fire in February 1913 had destroyed all Weston’s aircraft and his workshop, but his dream of the establishment of a flying school for South Africa was about to become a reality. On 1 July 1913, the Paterson Aviation Syndicate was registered in Kimberley. Tom Hill who had purchased the biplane (No 36) that Paterson had continued to operate after the liquidation of the first syndicate, was one of the seven directors of the new syndicate. His co-directors were Ernest Oppenheimer, Alpheus Williams, Herbert Harris, Charles May, David Macgill and George Robertson.

On 10 September 1913 General J.C. Smuts representing the Government of the Union of South Africa, and Cecil Compton Paterson in his personal capacity signed a Memorandum of Agreement whereby the Government agreed to have 10 candidate pilots trained at Alexandersfontein. The trainees included Ken van der Spuy, B.H. Turner, G.S. Creed, G. Clisdal, E.C. Emmett, G.P. Wallace, M.S. Williams, Hopkins, Solomon and M. van Coller. Private pupils included Arthur Turner (not to be confused with B.T. Turner already listed) who was Paterson’s mechanic, and Miss A.M. Bociarelli.

Pictured is Cecil Compton Paterson, and in his 1911 biplane.

From Kimberley Calls and Recalls on Facebook By Steve Lunderstedt

Aeon Computer Kimberley

About Steve Lunderstedt

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